Black Pepper – Benefits, Dosage, Precautions And Side-Effects

Black pepper is one of the most popular and widely used spices in the world and it grows mainly in tropical regions like India and other South Asian and Tropical Asian countries. In native India, it is known as Kali Mirch or Kali Mirchi and some its other common names include the likes of Black Peppercorn, Kosho, Marich, Maricha, Peber, Peppercorn, Pepper Extracts etc.

The plant from which we obtain Black Pepper also provides us with White Pepper and these two differ in their preparation methods. For preparing Black Pepper, plant’s dried unripe fruit is used whereas White Pepper is prepared from drying the ripe seeds and then cooking or processing it.

There are numerous reasons why people consume Black Pepper mainly because of the numerous health benefits associated with this spice. It is consumed orally mainly for treating patients suffering from Asthma, Arthritis, Bad Stomach, Bronchitis, Diarrhea, Cholera. 

It is also been used by many people to improve their sex drive and therefore used as an ingredient in Prime Male , improving the condition of stuffy and blocked nose, it helps in depressing times or when you’re stressed out, it also helps in headaches, provides relief from menstrual pains and promotes weight loss. It is also known to cure sinus infection and can help if you’re feeling Dizzy.

Black Pepper is also applied on the skin in the form of oil or paste to treat measles and also provides relief from pain in the nerves. It can also cure itchy skin which are caused due to mites or scabies.

Black Pepper oil is also inhaled by a lot of people who want to quit cigarettes. It is also used by people suffering from a blocked nose and even by some who want to prevent falls.

But the major use of Black Pepper is as a spice where it is used to spice up and add flavours to our food.

Black Pepper

As we can see in the  paragraph above, Black Pepper has a lot of medical uses and benefits. But how is Black Pepper able to provide so many health benefits? 

The answer to this question lies in a chemical which is found in Black Pepper known as Piperine. 

This chemical has been researched and found to have a lot of medical benefits such as reducing pain, improving the breathing, and reducing inflammation in humans. Piperine has also been found to improve the functioning and condition of the brain but scientists are yet to find out how exactly piperine is able to do this. 

Some research studies also say that Piperine might improve and help in the absorption of some medicines and might be able to cure or treat patients suffering from Cancer.

Uses of Black Pepper

Black Pepper has numerous benefits and uses but these benefits still do not have much scientific evidence.

  1. Prevention of Fall

    Some researches have shown that users who apply the oil of Black Pepper near the right side of the nose, experienced much more stability while they had their eyes closed.

    This effect was much more prominent in aged and older people. However, this effect of Black Pepper oil is somewhat similar to the effect of applying Lavender Oil and many users believe that the efficiency of Black Pepper oil lags behind that of Lavender Oil.

  1. Exercise Performance

    Many users of Black Pepper claim that consuming Black Pepper or foods containing Black Pepper before working out helped them in boosting their performance during the workout.

    However scientific research conducted on non trained athletes proved that consuming Black Pepper or supplements containing Black Pepper did not enhance the performance of these users during the workouts.

  1. Helps in quitting smoking

    Many people inhale the smoke of Black Pepper oil using vaporizer to help them reduce the craving for Nicotine which is the main reason why we have the urge to smoke cigarettes. Studies and Research have shown that users who smoke Vaporized Black Pepper oil for a duration of 3 hours or more experience a reduced urge to smoke cigarettes.

    Another research has also shown that adults who are addicted to chewing tobacco, should try to inhale Black Pepper oil to reduce the urge to chew tobacco. The easiest way to do this is to pour a few drops of Black Pepper oil on tissue and then slowly inhale it.

  1. Helps if having trouble in swallowing

    Some children often suffer from mental disorders and serious medical conditions are sometimes not able to properly chew and eat their food.

    This is the reason why they are given enteral nutrition i.e they are fed their food with the help of a tube. Research studies have proved that the difficulty of children swallowing food can be improved by applying the extracts of Black pepper oil on the nostril and nasal cavity just a minute or two before having their food. It will also help them in increasing the amount of food they consume.

    Another research has shown that older people who have suffered from heart strokes and need to be constantly under the care of a medical nursing home should also apply black pepper extracts and oil just a minute before having their meal so that they can improve their swallowing of the food.

  1. Helps in Mental Tiredness

    Many adults believe that consuming Black Pepper improves their attention and also boosts their mental energy who suffer from low energy levels. However some research studies have been conducted to verify the same and these studies have proved that black pepper is inefficient in improving the energy levels and attention in adults.
  1. Insect Bites

    Many people often use a product named Trikatu which contains Black Pepper to cure mosquito bites and the itchiness caused by them. However, medical research has shown that Trikatu is unable to provide relief from mosquito bites and is very inefficient in reducing itchiness or marks of the bites.

Other benefits

Apart from these benefits, there are many other benefits which are believed to be associated with the use of Black Pepper. These are-

  • Diarrhea causing bacteria and viruses.
  • Arthritis
  • Asthma
  • Bronchitis
  • Cancer
  • Colic
  • Depression
  • Diarrhea
  • Vitiligo or discolouring of the skin
  • Dizziness
  • Gas
  • Headache
  • Scabies or itchiness of the skin caused due to mites
  • Measles
  • Menstrual Pains
  • Nerve Pains
  • Sex Drive
  • Sinus Infection
  • Stuffy Nose
  • Weight loss
Black Pepper benefts

Safety Concerns and Side Effects

Black Pepper is considered to be relatively safe when consumed orally because it is a natural ingredient and it widely used in the entire world as a spice.

Thus balck pepper is considered to be safe when consumed orally because many of our everyday foods contain Black Pepper as an ingredient in it. However, there is still not enough evidence to prove the safety of medicines which use Black Pepper as an ingredient in them.

Black Pepper oil is considered to be safe for human consumption too when it is either inhaled or applied on the skin on areas such as nostrils and the naval cavity.

However, there might be a burning sensation related to the oil and it can also cause a stomach upset in some individuals. Black pepper can cause some serious burning sensation if it gets into the eye and you might cough a bit when inhaling it through the nose.

However one should always be careful when consuming large amounts of Black Pepper orally because there are some incidents when a lot of Black pepper gets deposited in the lungs accidentally which might even lead to the death of some individuals.

Precautions and Warnings

  1. Pregnant Women

    Black Pepper is considered to be safe to consume orally during pregnancy because most of the daily foods contain Black Pepper. However, it is not recommended to consume Black pepper in huge amounts during pregnancy because it might lead to a miscarriage or an abortion. However, there is not enough research studies to prove the effects of applying Black Pepper oil on the skin of pregnant women.
  1. Children

    Balck Pepper should not be administered orally in huge amounts to children because it might get deposited in their lungs which might lead to the death of these individuals.
  1. Lactating and Breastfeeding Women

    Black pepper is considered to be safe for consumption by women who are breastfeeding.
  1. Bleeding Conditions

    Black Pepper can slow down the clotting of the blood in individuals and consuming black pepper in huge amounts might even lead to an increase in bleeding in those who suffer from bleeding problems.
  1. Diabetes

    Black Pepper is known to cause some changes in the blood sugar levels and this happens when Black pepper is consumed in large amounts.


There is no recommended dosage of Black Pepper and the recommended safe dosage varies from individual to individual because it depends on a variety of factors like sex, age and medical condition. Thus, one should always consult their doctor to find out their personal recommended dosage of Black Pepper.

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